Since September 18, 2015 till March 15,2016 at the Science Museum in London will host a unique exhibition "The cosmonauts: The birth of the space age", organized by the State Museum and exhibition center "ROSIZO". Never before outside of Russia has not demonstrated such a large-scale collection of Russian interplanetary equipment, astronauts, and works of art,which are dedicated to the theme of flight in the Universe.
For example, exhibits are submitted by many Russian museums, archives and scientific and industrial enterprises, will be unfolded the story of the start of the space age. The route spectator will take place from the writings and drawings of philosophers-"cosmists" the end of the XIX century who ventured to argue the inevitability of space exploration, to the attributes of a long human presence in Earth orbit. Never before outside of Russia has not demonstrated such a large-scale collection of Russian interplanetary equipment, astronauts, and works of art,which is dedicated to the theme of flight in the Universe.
In 1957 the Soviet Union launched into orbit Sputnik – the first manmade spacecraft, and after four years in space first flew a man – Yuri Gagarin. The exhibition "The Astronauts…" will show the origins of the scientific-technological revolution that led to the development of the Universe, in the wider context of the spiritual life of the country. It is in a vibrant creative atmosphere of the first decades of the twentieth century got a chance to the embodiment of inherent national consciousness "striving to the space, gravitation "of separation from the sphere of the Earth"" (Kazimir Malevich). One of the discoveries for British viewers will be visionary sketches in manuscript of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky: so in 1933 he embodied his ideas of man's exit into space and about life in orbit. They will coexist with the paintings of artists of the Suprematism of Ilya Chashnik, Ivan [physical, project "flying city" of the architect Georgy Krutikov (1928).
The exhibition "Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age" will give the British people a rare opportunity to touch the innovative technology of the USSR, which allowed mankind to overcome the earth's attraction. For the first time in London it will be possible to look inside the original model of the satellite, established in 1957 – his shiny polished case with 4 antennas has become one of the symbols of the XX century, and also to see the inside space of the vessel and the genuine fragments of spacecraft. Among them the descent of the famous "Vostok – 6" – spherical capsule with a diameter of 240 sm,where in 1963 she returned to Earth the first female cosmonaut – Valentina Tereshkova.
At the end of 1950-ies was launched by the Soviet "lunar programme". Specially for the landing of a man on the moon has developed three single module; they were successfully tested in space, but none of them was never sent to the moon. For the first time in the UK will be shown a 5 – meter high full-scale lunar lander (1968). In 1970 was established the engineering model of the automatic laboratories "Lunokhod – 1". The device landed in November 1970, after working on the moon 10, 5 months. During this time he drove 10 540 m, surveying an area of 80 000 m2 and is transmitted to Earth 211 lunar panoramas and 25 thousand photos. After a keen rivalry in the 1960's "lunar programme" of the USSR and the USA, seeking permanent presence in space, moved in the 1970-ies to cooperation and joint flights. The exhibition "the Astronauts…" showcases samples of the equipment and tools that the USSR used on Board the orbital stations "Salyut" and "Mir", and then on the International space station. These are the suit to practice on the simulator "treadmill", the details of the kit antigravity device "centaur", set of hand tools astronaut, sample packs of "space rations" and more.
The project "Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age" is the result of close collaboration between the science Museum (London), State Museum and exhibition center "ROSIZO" and the Federal space Agency "Roscosmos". The exhibition was also attended British Council, BP, ART RUSSE and family Foundation Blavatnik Family Foundation.
Director of the London science Museum Ian Blatchford (Ian Blatchford) believes that the exhibition, like "Astronauts", it happens "once in a lifetime". According to him, for realization of this idea took many years, great effort and erudition of the working group the science Museum. "The Russian space program is one of the greatest intellectual, scientific and engineering achievements of the twentieth century. I am happy that we managed to piece together a remarkable collection of Russian artifacts, and space objects" – said Mr. Blatchford.
Tickets for the Museum's website: sciencemuseum.org.uk/cosmonauts
The science Museum (Science Museum) London the science Museum is one of the world's leading institutions, devoted to the achievements of human genius. The Museum has a collection of exhibits associated with the development of science, technology and medicine in various regions of the world. Its purpose, the museum sees the popularization of science that affect real life. Receiving over three million visitors a year, it shows religious objects and successful exhibition, tells the incredible stories of scientific discoveries. Detailed information on the website sciencemuseum.org.uk.