Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation, Federal city, the administrative center of Central Federal district center of Moscow region, which is not included. The largest populated city of Russia and its subject – 12 197 596 people (2015), the most populated of the cities located entirely in Europe, among the top ten cities in the world by population. The center of the Moscow urban agglomeration.
The historical capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Russian Kingdom, the Russian Empire (1728 – 1730), Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union. The city is hero. In Moscow, there are Federal bodies of state power of the Russian Federation (except the constitutional court), foreign embassies, the headquarters of most major Russian commercial organizations and public associations.
It is located on the river Moscow in the centre of the East European plain, between the Oka and Volga. As the subject of Federation, Moscow, bordering the Moscow and Kaluga regions.
Moscow is an important tourist center of Russia. Moscow Kreml, Red Square, Novodevichy convent and Church of the ascension in Kolomenskoye included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. It is a major transportation hub. The city is served by 5 airports, 9 railway stations, 3 river ports (there is river communication with the seas of pools of the Atlantic and Arctic oceans). Since 1935, subway is working in Moscow.